There are number of prerequisites children need to become confident and competent in the area of literacy.
This is the awareness and detection of sounds in language. It incorporates:-
- Sound discrimination
- Sound memory
- Sound sequencing
- Detecting and producing rhymes
- Explicit discussion about sounds and manipulation of them within words
The knowledge and ability to match letter patterns with sounds. It includes the knowledge and application of rules of spelling words. Information about phonics assists in decoding and encoding new words.