Activities of Daily Living (ADL)
ADLs include the various activities surrounding daily self-care tasks and functional mobility. These include dressing, feeding, grooming and toileting and incorporate fine and gross motor skills, along with cognitive and motor planning skills. These activities can also include the ability to perform smaller steps of these tasks including manipulating door knobs, accessing the bathroom, using phones and television remotes.
ADLs are an integral part of life, providing us with meaningful occupations and pride when we maintain our independence. Difficulties in this area may present has issues with dressing, showering or toileting independently.
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL)
These are activities relating to household or community activities. They often include shopping, cleaning, cooking, money management and driving. IADLs become more important as for adolescents and adults, with demands of caring for their families and partners increase. Similar to ADLs, independence with IADLs provide us with meaningful occupations and incorporate various skills (e.g. fine/gross motor, cognition) but at a higher complexity.
Difficulties in this area are more common for those who are over the age of 15 and who have a disability or who have experienced a stroke or brain injury. Difficulties in this area may also coincide with problems in other areas such as memory or planning difficulties.